Oral surgery (surgery of the mouth)

Cysts and Apicoectomies

There are several types of maxillary cysts; radicular ones are the most frequent and they are caused by chronic dental infection.

When those cysts grow the adjacent bone is destroyed and there appear deep cavities inside the maxillary bone or the jaw. An infection may also take place; that is why they need to be surgically removed.

When the cyst is involved in the end of the tooth’s root, that part is removed as well during the exeresis; this process is known as Apicoectomy. 

Included canine teeth

Surgical-orthodontic treatment. In some cases the canine teeth don´t erupt, remaining included in the maxillary. In that case, the surgeon may advise either the surgical extraction, in order to avoid complications (cysts, infections, damage to other teeth) or a combined treatment with an orthodontist to try and move the included tooth to its proper place.

Biopsy of the oral mucosa

The surgeon may advise to take a biopsy in order to diagnose some injuries of the oral cavity. He will remove a little piece of tissue which will be sent to a pathological anatomy laboratory and it will be microscopically studied by specialists. This technique will allow the confirmation of the clinical diagnosis and it can be essential to find the adequate treatment.

Local anesthesia for oral surgery

The simplification of surgical procedures makes intercessions shorter and simpler, so the oral and maxillofacial surgeon uses local anesthesia, reducing postoperative inconveniences and effects.

Third molars included

A partial or fully third molar included can produce infection (quite often, especially when it is partially connected to the mouth), damage to nearby teeth (caries, periodontal pathology), cysts and, in some occasions, tumours.

By means of a medical examination and an orthopantomography, your oral and maxillofacial surgeon can predict if a third molar can cause you trouble in the future. In that case, the doctor will recommend the removal of it, instead of waiting for complications to occur.

Generally, you will be in discomfort after the operation. By following the instructions given by your oral and maxillofacial surgeon and taken the prescribed medication, you will speed up your recovery and decrease the discomfort. 

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